Bypass surgery of coronary artery or heart bypass surgery is conducted for replacing damaged arteries in your heart muscles. Blood vessels sourced from other areas of the body like the leg are used for repairing your artery that is damaged.
This surgery is conducted in case the coronary arteries becomes damaged or blocked. These arteries provide supply of oxygenated blood to the heart. In case these arteries become blocked and blood flow is hampered, the heart fails to work properly which can result in heart failure.
There are different types of bypass surgery: Single bypass (one artery may be blocked), Double bypass (two arteries may be blocked), triple bypass (three arteries may be blocked) and quadruple bypass (four arteries may be blocked). The number of blocked arteries determines your risk of heart failure or heart attack. In any case, cost of bypass surgery in india is not prohibitive.
When is the surgery required?
When plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries, there is less flow of blood to the heart muscle. Without enough blood, the artery becomes tired and fails. Your doctor may recommend bypass surgery if coronary arteries narrow or get blocked and you face a high risk of heart attack. This condition is known as coronary artery disease.
How is the condition diagnosed?
A medical team including a cardiologist will identify whether you can handle open heart bypass surgery. But the team will evaluate your for any medical conditions which can cause complications in the procedure and even rule it out.
- Kidney disease
- PAD (Peripheral Arterial Disease)
Such issues must be discussed with the doctor prior to surgery. Also it is vital you inform doctor about any past or current medication you are consuming including Over The Counter drugs or even nutritional supplements.
What are risks of surgery?
Like any other open heart surgery, bypass surgery carries its quota of risks. But recent developments in surgical techniques like minimally invasive surgery have reduced the risks associated with this surgery.
Some of the risks of by heart bypass surgery are:
- Chest pain
- Blood clots
- Kidney failure
- Temporary or permanent loss of memory
- Mild fever
- Stroke or heart attack
There are some alternatives to avoid surgery. These are:
Medication can stave off surgery. Beta-blockers can provide relief for stable angina. Drugs for reducing cholesterol can prevent plaque buildup in your arteries. Daily dose of Aspirin can reduce chances of heart attack in persons with high risk.
- Life style changes:
The most crucial is change in diet. Heart healthy diet is one which is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and has very less trans fat or saturated fat.
Quit smoking and excess consumption of alcohol. Do regular exercise and techniques like yoga and meditation for a heart friendly lifestyle.
Preparing For Surgery
You will undergo some pre-operative tests before coronary artery bypass surgery in india. These include:
- Chest X-ray
- Blood samples
- ECG ( Electro Cardio Gram)
These are some important facts about coronary artery heart bypass surgery.